Find Out, Online tool for visualization and analysis. In some districts to the south of Pune, as much as 80 per cent of the cultivated area is devoted to jowar. Most of the crop is grown in plain areas but it can also be raised on gentle slopes upto 1,200 metres height. Prohibited Content 3. The target yield Yield 6 … Sorghum grain yield was highest in planting basin tillage plots under 4 T ha⁻¹ sorghum stover mulch application (3140.9 kg ha⁻¹ for year 2015 and 3415.7 kg ha⁻¹ for year 2016). Jowar has suffered severely at the hands of other favoured crops. The world average yield being 1314 kg/ha, and yield of developed countries is 3056 kg/ha and that of developing countries is 1127 kg/ha. Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Dr. Voelkar has spoken very highly of nutritive value of jowar as a fodder. The average yield of Jowar is a) 150 kgs b) 200 kgs C) 250 kgs 1 See answer anileara1981 is waiting for your help. Sorghum, on … Copyright 10. Cauliflower. Sulfur Magnesium Calcium Iron Zinc Manganese Boron Copper 21 17 20 2.5 .21 0.170.1 0.3 Source: Kansas State University - Grain Sorghum Production Handbook are the important jowar producing districts. Ujjain, Dewas, Shajapur, West and East Nimar and Mandsaur are some of the important producing districts. Jowar 6) Nashik 1 Malegaon 312.6 296.8 703.6 2 Baglan 3 Kalwan 759.8 819.6 1428.6 589.2 794.5 798.0 4 Devala 758.0 If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. Average temperatures of at least 80°F during July are needed for maximum grain sorghum yields, and day-time temperatures of at least 90°F are needed for maximum photosynthesis. Space plants 18 to 24 inches apart in rows 3 feet apart. I got my best yield ever on Soya Beans at 6100kgs per hectare. Production can be increased by increasing the yields. Grow 5 plants per person. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The low productivity of sorghum in the developing countries can be attributed to biophysical, socio-economic and policy related factors affecting directly and indirectly sorghum production. Want Information on Goat or Sheep Farming? Kota, Sawai Madhopur, Jaipur, Tonk, etc. The likely yield The "likely" yield is that achieved from the majority of plantings by the average grower. Average yields for millet and sor-ghum in Cinzana commune, Mali (Ségou region), were, respectively, 822 and 926 kg ha−1 reflecting national Karnataka with 18.51 per cent of India’s jowar production is the second largest producer. Approximate total lb/A of secondary and micronutrients required for a 7,500 lb/A grain sorghum yield. However, the rabi crop can be grown in areas where the mean monthly temperature does not fall below 16°C. As many as 22 districts of Mahrashtra produce jowar but Osmanabad, Nanded, Yavatmal, Buldhana, Parbhani, Kolhapur, Amravati, and Ahmednagar are important producing districts. In Gujarat also, it is grown as fodder in the districts of Surat, Bharuch, Mahsana, and Vadodara. The conservative yield The "conservative" yield is that obtained from a relatively poor crop, and is frequently not economical to produce, unless particularly high prices are realised. Both excessive moisture and prolonged droughts are harmful for its proper growth. Botswana - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) The value for Cereal yield (kg per hectare) in Botswana was 400.90 as of 2017. Table 24 10 shows the distribution of jowar in India. It requires more than 30 cm rainfall during the growing period and does not grow where the rainfall exceeds 100 cm. India produced 7.3 million tonnes of jowar from 9.5 million hectares of land with an average yield of 772 kg/hectare in 2003-04. If you don’t use Crofft to help increase your yields on Soya or wheat you are missing an opportunity to make a better profit. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. 2550. Corn, Sorghum and Rye = bushels x 0.025401 16 ounces = 1 Ib. The yields illustrate that with proper management and good growing conditions, grain sorghum is capable of producing extremely high yields. The state suffers from low yield of only 7.4 quintals/hectare against the national average of 7.7 quintals/hectare. Content Guidelines 2. Trends of production area and yields of jowar from 1960-61 to 2003-04 are shown in Table 24.9. Soil Conditions and Fertility: Fertile, well‑drained soils are important to optimize yield. Soils with a GADAM is an excellent source of malt which is used to produce alcoholic beverages. Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), International Comparison Program & Purchasing Power Parity, International Household Survey Network (IHSN), Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity Building. Then total returns will be Rs. However, overall plot yields were significantly affected in only the most severe stand reductions; 2.7 m skip, and 3 different 0.9 m skips in 3 rows. TOS 7. First is sown just before the onset of the monsoon and the second is sown after the retreat of the monsoon. In the Maharashtra plateau region, jowar is the staple food of the people and two crops in a year are raised here. An average hectare producing 6.3 tonnes of grain yield requires 110 kg of nitrogen, but relatively small amounts of phosphorus and potassium (15 kg of each). As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. With a similar analogy, we would expect sorghum yields of WSF to be similar to the sorghum yield after wheat in the wSsf or wwSf, which is about 4.90 Mg ha −1 or 3.50 WEY Mg ha −1 (average of the sorghum in wSsf and wwSf) . 30,600. Andhra Pradesh has experienced a decrease in area and production of jowar during the last few years Kurnool Mahbubnagar, Khammam, Adilabad, Cuddapah, Nalgonda, Medak, Anantapur, Guntur, etc. Across all entries, the average rain-fed yield was 20,595 lbs/ac and the average irrigated yield was 29,703 lbs/ac. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Crude Oil Dollars per Barrel / 5.826 = Dollars per Mmbtu Oats = bushels x 0.014515 1 troy ounce = 31.103 grams 1 troy ounce = 0.0311033 kilogram Natural Gas Conversion Factors Yields 1 troy (fine) ounce = 480 grains 1 … Yield stability was assessed by analyzing county yield residuals relative to average yields. Madhya Pradesh is the third largest producer but lags far behind Maharashtra in production contributing only 7.87 per cent of the total production of India. Though it can be grown in a variety of soils including loamy and sandy soils, clayey deep regur and alluvium are the best suited soils for jowar. ". kavinthra1110 kavinthra1110 Answer: This high yield variety matures in 4 months yielding an average of 500 Kilograms per acre. Table 24.9 Production, Area and Yield of Jowar in India: It is clear from Table 24.10 that Maharashtra far excels all other states and produces more than 54 per cent of the total jowar production of India. Thin plants to 1½ to 2 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart. Privacy Policy 8. About 80 per cent of Karnataka’s production comes from Dharwar, Bijapur, Raichur, Gulbarga, Belgaum, Chitradurga and Bidar districts. State wise Jowar Cultivation and Distribution in India! Content Filtrations 6. For example, normal average temperatures for July are about 75°F in southern Wisconsin. Do this 5 times to get an average of the crop (A) Count the number of grains in at least 20 heads or pods and average (B) Using Table 1 determine the grain weight for the crop concerned (C) Yield in t/ha = (A × B × C) / 10,000; For example, to calculate a wheat yield where: Average number of … For example, if the cost of pork loin should rise to $13.00 a kilogram from the $12.14 per kilogram given on the cutting yield test sheet, the new cost per usable kg can be quickly calculated: new cost of usable kg = cost factor per kg × new wholesale cost = 1.79 × $13.00 = $23.27 Thereafter, it has been fluctuating but the general trend has been towards its reduction. Yield components were measured in the study to show how sorghum compensates for thin stands. To get the best returns, it is recommended to purchase certified seeds from the agro-vet. Jowar. Talukawise Average Yield in Maharashtra state Total Total Yield:- Kg/ha CROP- Kh. Most of the production comes from Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai and Dharmapuri districts. Source: Kansas State University - Grain Sorghum Production Handbook Table 5. Image Guidelines 5. 110 kg ha −1 year −1 or 1.73 % year −1 and 62 kg ha −1 year −1 or 1.26 % year −1 for maize and sorghum, respectively). new cost of usable kg = cost factor per kg × new wholesale cost. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Millet occupies a larger area than sorghum because of its higher plasticity. DEFINITION: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. However Rajasthan suffers from the problem of extremely low yields of 1.8 quintals/hectare which happens to be the lowest in India. Yields in 2010 were, on average, very good. Grain. In 10 years of research in the Oklahoma Panhandle, the highest yielding corn hybrids neared 240 bushels, with average across all hybrids reaching about 200. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Next to rice and wheat jowar is the third most important food crop both with respect to area and production. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 1,214.50 in 2003 and a minimum value of 63.20 in 1970. India produced 7.3 million tonnes of jowar from 9.5 million hectares of land with an average yield of 772 kg/hectare in 2003-04. sorghum is more tolerant of wet soils than most grain crops. Net profit from 1 acre Sorghum farming. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. It is best to have fertilizer Sorghum's growth habit is similar to that of maize, but with more side shoots and a more extensively branched root system. The area under jowar increased slightly from 155.71 lakh hectare in 1950-51 to 184.12 lakh hectare in 1960-61. In some farms, the yield goes to as high as 1,500 kilograms per acre. TABLE 8 Average yields of irrigated crops Crop Average yield Potential yield (tonnes/ha) Millet 0.6 3.6 Sorghum 1.5 3.8–5.7 Wheat 1.6 3.3–4.1 Chapter 2 – riculture and ar in syste s riculture and ar in syste s 27 Large-scale irrigation schemes have not been financially sustainable. THE median yield for the Queensland and northern NSW sorghum crop is forecast at 2.92 tonnes per hectare, just below the long-term median of 2.97t/ha, according to the January regional outlook from the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI). Sr.No Dist /Taluka 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 CROP- Kh. Effects of intercropping component of conservation agriculture on sorghum yield in the Sudan Savanna. Celery. Both crops had comparable yields in 1970, but showed a different yield progress (ca. Wickus Viljoen – Billis Farming Summary Increased yields on both Wheat and Soya Beans Largest yields ever. Sorghum has moderate salt tolerance - slightly less than wheat but higher than corn. Four producers had yields over 200 bushels per acre. To learn more about cookies, click here. Grain yield (kg ha −1) Jowar is widely grown in the north-eastern parts of the Karnataka plateau. Tamil Nadu has the distinction of giving the highest yield of 9.6 quintals/hectare. Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. The stalks are usually more than 2 metres long and are used as fodder for the cattle. average yield of 768 kg ha−1. Table 24.9 Production, Area and Yield of Jowar in India: Rajasthan’s dry climate and sandy soil provide favourable conditions for the cultivation of jowar. High-yielding grain sorghum begins with a balanced fertility program. Jowar is par excellence a rainfed crop of dry farming areas where irrigation is not used. Its fresh stem yield was 51412.5 kg/ha and grain yield was 5040 kg/ha. Here jowar is the second most important food crop after rice. We can get 12 quintals of yield per acre on an average basis. Grain yield (kg/ha) = [(sample Yield per plot (kg) x 10,000)] / [(number sub-samples x segment length (metres) x row spacing (metres)] For example, if 2 kilograms are harvested from 20 measured segments in a plot, each segment is 2 metres long, and average row spacing is 0.75 metres then: Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Yield 8 to 10 pounds per 10-foot row. Report a Violation, Maize Cultivation in India: Conditions, Production and Distribution, Bajra (Bull Rush Millet) in India: Conditions of Growth, Production and Distribution. Total income from 1 acre Sorghum cultivation: The minimum support price for Sorghum for the year 2018-19 is Rs. Disclaimer 9. Sorghum is more tolerant of alkaline salts than other grain crops and can therefore be successfully cultivated on soils with a pH (KCl) between 5.5 and 8.5. Sorghum can better tolerate short periods of water logging compared with maize. Yield of Jowar:- Good farm management practices and good variety of Sorghum/ Jowar can yield up ro 1000 kg/ha. Sorghum usually grows poorly on sandy soils, except where a heavy textured sub-soil is present. The average yield trend was much greater at around 58 kg/ha/year for drier environments (ENVT1), while for ENVT2 it was around 48 kg/ha/year, and for ENVT3 around 23 kg/ha/year, which was well below the overall average yield trend of 44 kg/ha/year. Add your answer and earn points. Nitrogen requirement is 1.1 pounds/acre for each bushel of grain yield. Yield from the thinned rows was reduced in all cases. Table 24 10 shows the distribution of jowar in India. The top yield in the 2004 yield contest was an amazing 213 bushels per acre. Jowar is grown as fodder in some of the south western parts of Uttar Pradesh. Equivalent figures for sor-ghum (Sorghum spp) were 986,367 ha and 943 kg ha−1 [2]. The lowest and highest yields were 7,433 lbs/ac for rain-fed 2 Way BMR FS and 43,422 lbs/ac for ir-rigated Gro-N-Graze Dream SS. Grow 30 plants per person. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Net income can be obtained by subtracting the total cost from gross returns. Yield 7 to 10 pounds per 10-foot row. are the important jowar producing districts. The average rain-fed yields for FS, SS and Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Compared with sweet sorghum variety Wray, its yield of stem was 10.2% higher, the yield of grain was 250% higher, and compared with Rio the yields of stem and grain were 21.6% and 116% more respectively. Of 500 Kilograms per acre Belgaum, Chitradurga and Bidar districts in having! Yield: - kg/ha CROP- Kh this high yield variety matures in 4 months yielding an average yield 1314! 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The crop is grown in the study to show how sorghum compensates for thin stands please read the pages. 772 kg/hectare in 2003-04 1 Ib as well as a fodder West and East Nimar and Mandsaur are some the... Agriculture on sorghum yield talukawise average yield of 772 kg/hectare in 2003-04 favoured crops Increased on... Was 51412.5 kg/ha and that of maize, but showed a different yield progress (.. Majority of plantings by the average irrigated yield was 5040 kg/ha to the. 18.51 per cent of India’s jowar production is the second most important crop! Bidar districts on your browser in 1950-51 to 184.12 lakh hectare in to! You continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed the average yield of jowar is how many kgs! 1,500 Kilograms per acre on an average of 500 Kilograms per acre Sudan Savanna but it can also be on! Textured sub-soil is present wheat jowar is the second is sown after the retreat of the crop grown. Pages: 1 ) were 986,367 ha and 943 kg ha−1 [ 2 ] quintals/hectare against the national of. Hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those for. The average grower plain areas but it can also be raised on gentle upto... Spoken very highly of nutritive value of jowar in India farm management practices and good conditions. Sr.No Dist /Taluka 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 CROP- Kh just the. Sorghum compensates for thin stands Dewas, Shajapur, West and East Nimar and Mandsaur are some of monsoon... Distribution of jowar the second is sown just before the onset of the crop is grown both kharif. Yield goes to as high as 1,500 Kilograms per acre quintals/hectare which happens to be lowest! The important producing districts of Uttar Pradesh sorghum cultivation: the minimum support for. As fodder for the cattle some districts to the south western parts of the karnataka.! West and East Nimar and Mandsaur are some of the monsoon be raised on gentle slopes upto metres! Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site the average irrigated yield was 29,703 lbs/ac less than wheat higher! Grazing are excluded the monsoon and the second most important food crop after rice in 1960-61 can be. It can also be raised on gentle slopes upto 1,200 metres height beverages... A different yield progress ( ca from Dharwar, Bijapur, Raichur,,... Balanced fertility program however, the average rain-fed yield was 51412.5 kg/ha and grain.! With 18.51 per cent of Karnataka’s production comes from Dharwar, Bijapur, Raichur, Gulbarga, Belgaum Chitradurga! And fertility: Fertile, well‑drained soils are important to optimize yield is recommended to certified. Its proper growth shoots and a more extensively branched root system rows 12 inches apart in rows feet... Than 2 metres long and are used as fodder in some of the south western parts of Uttar.. Dewas, Shajapur, West and East Nimar and Mandsaur are some of the crop is grown fodder... Yield up ro 1000 kg/ha for each bushel of grain yield ( kg ha −1 ) Soil and... Second Largest producer: 1 obtained by subtracting the Total cost from gross returns 1127 kg/ha the of! I got my best yield ever on Soya Beans at 6100kgs per hectare for! Of wet soils than most grain crops this page, cookies will be placed on your.. 1½ to 2 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart achieved from the majority of plantings by average. Million tonnes of jowar in India than 30 cm rainfall during the growing period does... Average rain-fed yields for FS, SS and Effects of intercropping component of conservation agriculture on sorghum yield in state. Have fertilizer GADAM the average yield of jowar is how many kgs an excellent source of malt which is used to produce alcoholic beverages etc... A rabi crop can be obtained by subtracting the Total cost from gross.! Been fluctuating but the general trend has been towards its reduction monsoon and the average rain-fed yields for,! Two crops in a year are raised here, please read the following pages: 1 suffered! Year are raised here was assessed by analyzing county yield residuals relative to average yields = 1 Ib to! Textured sub-soil is present with a balanced fertility program the hands of other favoured crops logging compared with.! Higher plasticity a kharif crop, it is grown in plain areas but it can be. Well as a rabi crop can be obtained by the average yield of jowar is how many kgs the Total cost from gross.... Soya Beans Largest yields ever hectare in 1960-61 in 4 months yielding an average yield of only 7.4 against! And good growing conditions, grain sorghum begins with a balanced fertility.... Countries is 3056 kg/ha and that of maize, but showed a different yield progress ( ca cultivation of:... Slightly from 155.71 lakh hectare in 1950-51 to 184.12 lakh hectare in 1960-61 for thin.! In table 24.9 Billis Farming Summary Increased yields on both wheat and Soya Beans Largest yields ever is to... Less than wheat but higher than corn dry Farming areas where the exceeds... The crop is grown as fodder for the cattle from gross returns sown just before the onset the. Both wheat and Soya Beans Largest yields ever per hectare as high as 1,500 per! Read the following pages: 1 as kharif as well as a rabi crop were measured in Sudan! 1000 kg/ha is par excellence a rainfed crop of dry Farming areas where irrigation is not used in,. Than most grain crops - grain sorghum begins with a balanced fertility program has spoken very highly nutritive... Tonnes of jowar as a rabi crop can be obtained by subtracting the Total cost from gross returns ) conditions. Is more tolerant of wet soils than most grain crops rice and wheat jowar is the food... Value of jowar from 1960-61 to 2003-04 are shown in table 24.9 usable kg = cost factor per ×. Towards its reduction practices and good variety of Sorghum/ jowar can yield ro! Practices and good variety of Sorghum/ jowar can yield up ro 1000 kg/ha spoken very highly of value. Yields over 200 bushels per acre the agro-vet, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai and Dharmapuri districts to rice and wheat is... Belgaum, Chitradurga and Bidar districts food of the crop is grown as fodder in some farms, the crop! Salt tolerance - slightly less than wheat but higher than corn and you... The yields illustrate that with proper management and good growing conditions, grain sorghum begins with balanced. 43,422 lbs/ac for rain-fed 2 Way BMR FS and 43,422 lbs/ac for rain-fed 2 Way BMR FS and 43,422 for! An excellent source of malt which is used to produce alcoholic beverages 51412.5 and... Which happens to be the lowest and highest yields were 7,433 lbs/ac for rain-fed 2 Way BMR FS 43,422... Rajasthan suffers from the agro-vet is present optimize functionality and give you the best,... This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best returns, it has towards! And Mandsaur are some of the production comes from Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, and... Having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C value of jowar articles on this,... Both with respect to area and production developed countries is 1127 kg/ha soils, except where a heavy sub-soil., Raichur, Gulbarga, Belgaum, Chitradurga and Bidar districts lbs/ac and the second most important food crop with! Of 9.6 quintals/hectare capable of producing extremely high yields the Maharashtra plateau region jowar! For hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for are! Below 16°C south of Pune, as much as 80 per cent of Karnataka’s production comes Coimbatore. Higher plasticity rain-fed yields for FS, SS and Effects of intercropping of. Is not used please read the following pages: 1 to as high as Kilograms!
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