Regrettably, it was a failure. William E. Parrish, Frank Blair, Lincoln’s Conservative, p. 121. Ronald E Franklin (author) from Mechanicsburg, PA on August 16, 2015: Many thanks, Heidi. Certainly McClellan did. First Shots. It is interesting how history can get twisted ( fake news has always been with us). Cordially, john mckenna, brooklet, ga. Ronald E Franklin (author) from Mechanicsburg, PA on July 11, 2018: Fremont was certainly widely known and highly admired before the Civil War. — A fast moving wildfire near the Oregon coast forced the evacuation of some residents in Lincoln County. To me, this is one of the more remarkable letters in American presidential history. Search Our Site. Search for: HOME; ABOUT US; SERVICES; INSPECTION REPORTS; MEDIA; CONTACT US; Facebook; Google; Designed by … So, Curtis would need to take the extraordinary step of employing some “safe, certain, and suitable measures” to insure that the orders got through. Abraham Lincoln (/ ˈ l ɪ ŋ k ən /; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. What was McClellan's greatest flaw? Republicans aligned themselves closely with Trump when it meant winning votes from his base. Humiliated by his firing, McClellan sought the office of President in the 1864 election but of course, Lincoln was reelected. He and Jessie also lived near here for quite awhile after buying a Spanish land grant with borders that were "luckily" established to include some prime gold bearing areas. As it turned out, there was no time. Edited by Gabor Boritt, it presented assessments of Lincoln's relationship with five army commanders. The Justice Department announced charges against 13 people Friday in connection with the deadly Pro-Trump riots at the U.S. Capitol Wednesday. Sensing that the president’s mind was already made up and would not change, she informed her husband that, in effect, his fate was sealed. Having previously been elected governor of California in 1850, he served as territorial governor of Arizona from 1878 to 1881. What surprised you the most while writing this book? Instead, it was necessary to find someone not known to be connected to the president, but who could claim legitimate business that would take him to Fremont’s headquarters. Do you think their politics impacted the decisions they made during wartime? 1-3 I am not sure but I do know 4. Is it typical for a general not to be a political animal? I am sure most history buffs realize the war was not mainly about slavery. Call Now on 0845 519 9059 for General, First Aid and Fire Risk Assessment Services in Lincoln . Abraham Lincoln - Abraham Lincoln - Reputation and character: “Now he belongs to the ages,” Stanton is supposed to have said as Lincoln took his last breath. The longtime Lincoln City resident was able to fly his drone over the neighborhoods in nearby Otis. Lincoln took his commander in chief role seriously and often took an active part in the campaigns, at least before he finally found Grant. I would like to send a barrel of it to my other generals." He was a patient president because Fremont failed him but he dint hesitate to give him a second chance; that show Fremont was a grate character in the US military. Recognizing that any unknown officer might have difficulty getting through Fremont’s self-protective cordon, Captain McKinney disguised himself as a country farmer. The thing about history is that it's a great big, wonderful story. McClellan, Burnside, Hooker, Meade, and then Grant? President Abraham Lincoln loved all things mechanical, especially firearms. And it was the undoing of both those men. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, 1951. DEAR SIR: On receipt of this, with the accompanying enclosures, you will take safe, certain, and suitable measures to have the inclosure addressed to Major-General Fremont delivered to him with all reasonable despatch, subject to these conditions only, that if, when General Fremont shall be reached by the messenger,–yourself or any one sent by you,–he shall then have, in personal command, fought and won a battle, or shall then be in the immediate presence of the enemy in expectation of a battle, it is not to be delivered but held for further orders. So I looked for a book at my local library about Frémont and found only kids books. He had orders prepared relieving Fremont and appointing General David Hunter to succeed him in command, but didn’t send those orders through normal military channels. They may have a gift for it, like Dwight Eisenhower had, but by and large they tend to look on politics with some disdain. Abraham Lincoln fired General George McClellan, who wrote to his wife: “There never was a truer epithet applied to a certain individual than that of the ‘Gorilla.’ ” For his part, Lincoln said, “If General McClellan does not want to use the Army, I would like to borrow it.” In the 1864 election, McClellan ran against his old boss and lost. But there was one slight problem. Abraham Lincoln’s views on slavery evolved, but his public position until he issued the Emancipation Proclamation was that slavery should not be disturbed in the existing slave states. In his report to the Secretary of War on his expeditions, he listed the most prominent river in that area by its Native American name, “Nebraska.” The Secretary later applied that name to the entire territory. Lincoln's greatest flaw, if you can call it a flaw, was being overprotective of the capital when he didn't need to be. Several essays echoed themes first sounded by T. Harry Williams more than four decades earlier in his 1952 study, Lincoln and His Generals. He stuck to it regardless. That was what he understood his constitutional duty to be, despite his personal desire that all men should be free. During the War Between the States, the president squabbled constantly with the U.S. With little apparent regard for the national political implications of such an action, he issued his proclamation totally on his own, without even notifying the president of his intention. Once in command of the Union armies, Grant undertook a relentless and bloody campaign against Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. After the Capitol insurrection, President-elect Joe Biden expressed his disgust by saying, ‘This is not who we are.’ But what if it is? I think Lincoln was wrong about that. Major General Joseph Hooker Library of Congress : Letter to Major General Joseph Hooker Joseph Hooker, called "Fighting Joe," was the third in a succession of commanding Union generals President Lincoln appointed in his search for victories during the Civil War. Our Locations. Somehow he sensed what Fremont’s strategy would be. Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on August 16, 2015: Ron, you're on fire with these HOTDs! Rochelle Frank from California Gold Country on February 05, 2018: Fremont led a very complex and interesting life. It is unfair to lay all the responsibility at Lincoln's door. During his time though he was one of the most famous Americans that live and is one of the most romantic figures in our history that nobody knows about even though so many things that are named after him. Lincoln's assassination, less than a week following Lee's surrender, ensured that the events of the previous week would forever remain mysterious. But the general who acquired the nickname of Tardy George never learned that lesson. It depends on whether they have the political savvy. "Shrewd" is a good characterization for Lincoln. From the beginning, Lincoln viewed every military decision through the single objective of defeating the rebellion and uniting the nation. Glad I found this site. On this day in 1864, President Abraham Lincoln promoted Ulysses S. Grant, a major general in the U.S. Army, to the rank of lieutenant general. Under his leadership, the Department of the West was an administrative shambles and a hotbed of corruption, though Fremont himself was never personally implicated. Any help in this regard will be Greatly appreciated. He seemed especially shrewd about handling people, as this episode demonstrates. Once the war was over, Fremont was able to regain a measure of his old prominence. It's here that Fremont failed abjectly. Library of Congress. Are there lessons here for modern leaders about civilian rule over the military? I'm not usually that interested in American history but am glad I stumbled across this hub as it was a really interesting read about a less well known historical figure. 2431 Fairfield St. Lincoln, NE 68521 Phone: 402.476.4646 Toll Free: 800.228.4555 View Map. He preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves. In many ways Fremont was an admirable person, as was his wife. Ronald E Franklin (author) from Mechanicsburg, PA on May 12, 2016: Thanks, stereomike83. When Presidents Fire Generals: Lincoln and McClellan Obama and McChrystal could have learned something from the men’s “failed” relationship. One of the more extraordinary episodes in the American Civil War took place when President Abraham Lincoln decided to relieve Major General John C. Fremont of his command. That was a bit gray. Congrats on a well-deserved Hub of the Day! Had he been able to do that, it would have been a different relationship altogether and I think he might have succeeded. I must confess to being surprised at receiving another HOTD so soon, but I certainly appreciate it. He died in 1890, honored as a retired Major General of the United States Army, and as one of the great Americans of the 19th century. Lincoln's patent sketches. He failed to act on his opportunity to destroy the confederate army. Thus it was probable that Fremont would be on the lookout for any messenger from Lincoln attempting to deliver such orders to him. By Timothy P. Townsend, Historian, Lincoln Home National Historic Site "Hold on with a bulldog grip, and chew and choke as much as possible." did or did not do was irrelevant to the ultimate outcome, why make an issue out of the Army generals’ demands for a few days’ halt just 50 miles from Baghdad? Even now I think he's more remembered for his accomplishments as the great Pathfinder than for his relative lack of success as a military commander. For me history is endlessly interesting because it's about people, and Fremont was certainly a fascinating personality. Port Lincoln resident Chris Coote said on Monday conditions were similar to the December 2009 fire, which destroyed several properties and burnt 650ha. And this is a great, true story. Lincoln’s Political Generals, by David Work University of Illinois Press, 2009. Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Why did Lincoln fire General McClellan? The press and the politicos hammered President Lincoln in regard to the initial rumors of General Grant’s failures at the Battle of Shiloh. On the other hand, an order that was not received need not be obeyed. Barack James from Green City in the Sun on August 16, 2015: Interesting piece Ron: I have special interest on Abraham Lincoln's power. On their way back from Sumter, the aides Chesnut, Chisholm, and Lee stopped at Fort Johnson to inform Captain George S. James that he might fire a signal gun at the specified time. In Lincoln and McClellan: The Troubled Partnership Between a President and His General, Waugh paints a mythlike, historical narrative. You can be the most brilliant strategist in the world but, if you don't have that better-rounded aspect to your approach, then you are not going to succeed. An ardent abolitionist, Fremont issued a proclamation in August of 1861 freeing the slaves of all owners in Missouri who refused to swear allegiance to the Union. After a long funeral procession, he was buried near his home in Springfield, IL. I started reading a Steve Berry novel The Lincoln Myth and it starts with Jessie pleading her husbands case. But however great Fremont may have been as an explorer, it soon became clear that he was in over his head as a general. When he arrived in St. Louis, Swett sat down with General Curtis to discuss their next step in getting Lincoln’s orders into the hands of Fremont and his designated replacement, General Hunter. They wanted someone who could oppose Lincoln strongly and they thought McClellan would be the one to do that. Was considered a rising star in his field. Unfortunately the US Army had no experience in creating armies the size of the Civil War armies. Thanks, HSchneider. What was Lincoln's? There were no Confederate soldiers anywhere near Fremont’s headquarters. In the decades before the war he had gained nationwide fame by leading exploratory expeditions to the American far west. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. That's what both Fremonts seemed not to understand. Illegal for them to do that while in the military. He preferred to react to problems and to the circumstances that others had created rather than to originate policies and lay out long-range designs. Lincoln was certainly a shrewd politician and administrator. As major general of the Union army, McClellan had an unmatched military mind, but he was unwilling to accept President Abraham Lincoln as his boss. I never knew of this episode and I am a bit of a history buff. I think so. Fremont had accumulated at his headquarters aides and bodyguards numbering literally in the hundreds. Generals almost fire themselves because they know its against the rules to talk against the president when they are commissioned. Thanks. Mark Grimsley, The Hard Hand of War, p. 127. Then we see a few retired officers hire onto news orgs to consult. When Lincoln ran for president, he ran wholeheartedly. Union Army General Irvin McDowell commanded the Army of Potomac in the first Battle of Bull Run and was relieved shortly thereafter. Lincoln removes General McClellan from Army of the Potomac. On the other hand, Lincoln, like all of us, had his faults, but he got it right the vast majority of the time. Interior of Fort Sumter during the bombardment . He would simply lock down security at his headquarters so tightly that no officer from Washington would be able to get through to deliver any order replacing him. In May 1864 Fremont was nominated by a radical faction of the Republican Party to replace Lincoln as the party’s candidate in the presidential election to be held that November. McClellan became basically the darling of the Democrats. Waugh suggests that had McClellan respected, trusted, and embraced his commander in chief, the war could have ended much more quickly. And it doesn't matter whether or not Mrs. Fremont might be judged by history to have been "imperious" in her meeting with Lincoln. Pickens consulted with Beauregard, the local Confederate commander. But between his ego and his obtuseness, the Civil War was not his finest hour! Their success or failure would be measured not by some abstract appraisal of their noble intentions, but by how well Fremont's "manager," who of course was Abraham Lincoln, believed the general was helping him do his job. A collection of moments during and after Barack Obama's presidency. Sensing the severity of Lincoln’s displeasure with him, he sent his wife to Washington to plead his case with the president. In it Lincoln lets General Curtis know, without explicitly saying so, that Fremont could be expected to try to shield himself from ever getting the order to relinquish his command. After being questioned and denied entrance at least twice, he was finally admitted to the headquarters area and managed to deliver the order to Fremont relieving him of his command. Way to go! Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. On March 4, 1864, Lincoln signed this certificate making Ulysses S. Grant a lieutenant general, a rank previously held only by George Washington. Ultimately, the president-elect said, both agreed Sanders was needed more in the Senate. I have a lot of sympathy for Fremont. Heidi Thorne from Chicago Area on October 07, 2013: What a character! I think President Obama is going to have challenges; he's got a couple of bright generals working for him. Answered by Alexis6166. Fremont’s intransigence in the face of a direct request from his Commander in Chief cost the president sorely needed political support. From the outset of the war, Mr. Lincoln had problems with generals who held the title of general-in-chief—like Winfield Scott, McClellan and Henry Halleck—but failed to exercise the authority of that post or give advice to the President so that he could exercise it. Irate at receiving the dreaded order, Fremont angrily slammed his fist on the table and demanded of McKinney, “Sir, how did you get through my lines?” McKinney, his mission successfully completed, cheerfully explained his ruse. They aren't trained as politicians. He was never offered another command. The president knew that Fremont would do everything he could, short of outright mutiny, to avoid being replaced. Gen. Douglas MacArthur had the same relationship with President Truman as McClellan had with Lincoln. Perhaps worst of all, Fremont seemed stubbornly blind to the political realities with which President Lincoln had to contend. Lincoln as Commander in Chief A self-taught strategist with no combat experience, Abraham Lincoln saw the path to victory more clearly than his generals Getting that battle started was going to take time. Abraham Lincoln made his share of mistakes as commander in chief during the Civil War, but did his politically motivated appointments of nonmilitary men as Union generals help or hinder the war effort? What general did Lincoln fire twice? Nathan Bernardo from California, United States of America on October 07, 2013: Very fascinating. Ronald E Franklin (author) from Mechanicsburg, PA on February 05, 2018: As you say, Rochelle, Fremont was highly accomplished in many areas of life; he just wasn't a good general. What union general said "war was hell"? Generals during the War was not mainly about slavery God 's side ''. Ready to give up yet E. Parrish, Frank Blair, Lincoln himself... S. Grant when few people did his base would have been a different relationship altogether i... Mark Grimsley, the War Between the States, the end of john Fremont ’ displeasure! Good characterization for Lincoln around diplomacy was, well, beyond him had Fremont... 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